Pancreas Inflammation

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Acute Pancreatitis
Health & Insurance----Once we know when the pancreas and other things you should know, an inflammation of the pancreas. The disease is the cause for my friends to be hospitalized for several days.

Many things I could not, such as work or food alone can not. During the treatment, rather than food intake, doctors give intravenous nutrition (liquid food) and antibiotics.

For all of us can prevent inflammation of the pancreas, of course, know what by inflammation of the pancreas, and how to recognize symptoms and treat meant.

Inflammation of the pancreas
Inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis is a problem of public health. The pancreas is a gland behind the stomach, a large apartment, in addition to the duodenum (upper small intestine) located in the upper abdomen. The secretion of digestive enzymes in the small intestine through the pancreatic duct is the most important function of the pancreas. This enzyme is necessary for the digestion of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. It also produces hormones insulin and glucagon. These hormones play an important role in maintaining glucose levels in the blood. Lack of insulin can improve blood sugar in the blood, causing diabetes. Inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis caused by a variety of reasons. There are two forms of pancreatitis, acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis. Let us know in detail the causes symptoms and treatment of acute and chronic pancreatitis.

Types of Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis can be acute (sudden and short-term) or chronic (long-term and sustainable). Acute pancreatitis causes severe inflammation of the pancreas and lasted for short periods of time. In most cases of acute pancreatitis caused by alcoholism or gallstones. This may be mild discomfort in the form of life-threatening causes such severe tissue damage and bleeding cause infection.

Chronic pancreatitis usually follows episodes of acute pancreatitis. This is by damage to the pancreas by digestive enzymes, causing pain and scarring. The main causes of chronic pancreatitis is prolonged alcohol.

The causes of pancreatitis
Two main causes of pancreatitis, namely the formation of gallstones and alcoholism, makes about 80-90% of cases. Pancreatitis, alcoholism is due to the long-term ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The formation of gallstones in the gall bladder obstruction of the pancreatic duct, which leads to an accumulation of fluid in the digestion of the pancreas, causing inflammation of the pancreas. During normal digestion, the enzymes of the pancreas in an inactive form that is released into the small intestine through the pancreatic duct. They were active in the small intestine. In the case of pancreatitis, enzymes are activated in the pancreas and start digesting the pancreas, a process known as self-digestion. This can irritate the cells of the pancreas, causing inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreatitis can occur for various reasons, depending on whether acute or chronic.

Acute Pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and in most cases is very serious. The main cause of acute gallstone pancreatitis, the gallbladder disease and alcoholism. Method is also of bile duct surgery, traumatic injuries, abnormal structure of the pancreas, genetic factors, hypertriglyceridemia (blood fats) and certain medications such as corticosteroids, estrogens cause, and thiazide diuretics. certain viral and bacterial infections such as mumps, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Coxsackie B virus may also contribute to acute pancreatitis. In children, acute pancreatitis usually with cystic fibrosis, mumps, trauma to the abdomen, Reye syndrome, Kawasaki disease and hemolytic-uremic syndrome.

Chronic pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis is usually followed by chronic pancreatitis. This causes tissue damage and inflammation of the pancreas. Also disrupt the production of digestive enzymes and insulin. Very often, chronic pancreatitis caused by alcohol abuse over time. Some other conditions that can cause chronic pancreatitis is a chronic constriction or blockage of the pancreatic duct due to trauma or pseudocysts, hyperparathyroidism, and hyperlipidemia. Chronic pancreatitis is more common in men than in women.

Symptoms of pancreatitis
Abdominal pain that began suddenly or gradually in the upper abdomen, is one of the main symptoms of pancreatitis. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of pancreatitis.

Acute Pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis causes severe pain and persistent in the upper abdomen. May on the back or bottom of the left scapula radiating. The pain can be aggravated by lying on your back or after eating foods high in fat or alcohol. Some other symptoms of acute pancreatitis are nausea, vomiting, fever, rapid pulse, sweating, abdominal bloating and pain. Acute pancreatitis can also cause indigestion, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, bloating, hiccups, pale stools, and rash. In some severe cases of acute pancreatitis can dehydration, exhaustion, lethargy, headaches, low blood pressure, kidney or heart.

Chronic pancreatitis: Chronic pancreatitis, some people may feel pain in the abdomen, while others are not possible. The pain is gradual and continuous and may last from several hours to several days. The pain may worsen after eating and drinking. Some other symptoms of chronic pancreatitis are vomiting, nausea, indigestion, digestive problems, smell and dirt of fat (steatorrhea) and weight loss is not a coincidence. Weight loss is most common in chronic pancreatitis because pancreatic enzymes to break down food secreted in sufficient numbers. This can interfere with the normal absorption of nutrients. Due to poor digestion, it is possible that the excretion of protein, carbohydrates and fat in the stool. Therefore, deprived of the body with important nutrients, causing weight loss.

(To be continued)

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